This course, intended for designers and builders, will examine the structural principles inherent in residential construction. Structural design at the residential scale is primarily about choosing appropriate materials and framing systems, ensuring that there is a complete load path, and paying careful attention to the details of construction – topics well within reach of even the mathematically-challenged. We’ll also cover basic engineering calculations and use of design aids for sizing typical structural elements such as joists, rafters, wall studs, and footings. The emphasis will be on stick framing, but we’ll also consider concrete, masonry, steel, traditional post-and-beam, and structural insulated panels. This course won’t make an engineer of you, but it will help you address common structural conditions and recognize when you need to seek expert help. Familiarity with algebra, geometry, and use of a high-school level scientific calculator is assumed.
Course start time: Day 1, 9am
Course end time: Day 2, 5pm
- Competency Level: Intermediate to Professional
- AIA credits: 14 -- Qualifies for HSW requirements.
To provide an introductory overview of common structural systems, materials, behavior, design issues, and basic calculation/sizing methods..
No prior reading required. Handouts and a bibliography will be provided during class.
Materials to Bring
• Calculator with square root and trig functions.
• Three-ring binder (1" or larger)
• Forces & Reactions
• Behavior of Structural Elements (Tension, Compression, Bending, Shear, Deflection)
• Analysis of Structural Elements
• Structural Materials
• Building Codes
• Structural Design Loads
• Design Methodologies (ASD vs LRFD) & Load Combinations
• Gravity Load Systems
• BREAK: Walking Tour of Campus Structures
• Lateral Load Systems
• Load Paths & Load Tracing
• Evening: Model Building Exercise
• Finish Model
• Details & Connections
• Sizing Structural Elements
• Recognizing when you need expert help
• Framing Layout
• Load-Test Framing Model
• Student Design Exercise: Framing Layout